This article contains several recommendations, which after installing Ubuntu 16.04, you can get an excellent full-featured, safe operating system. I tried to make the article as short as possible, so as not to bore you with a long list. But you can be sure that there is everything you need to freely and comfortably use the system.
As it was said before, in order to have a secure system, it is necessary to keep it up to date, in time to install all security updates and fixing tools. This is especially important for beta versions.
You can update the system using a utility with a graphical interface or in a terminal. We will consider updating the system in the graphical interface.
1. UPDATE OF UBUNTU 16.04
First, you need to update the software repositories. Open the Dash menu and type in the Software Update search.
Open the application and go to the Other Software tab. Check both:
Then close the application, you will be prompted to enter the password, then download updates:
Once again, run the Software Update from Dash, and this time the program should show the available updates and prompt you to install them:
For updating Ubuntu 16.04 in the terminal it is enough to enter two following commands:
sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get upgrade
2. INSTALLING MAIN APPLICATIONS
Configuring Ubuntu 16.04 after installation includes installing additional applications to improve system usability. This is an Internet browser, various editors, viewers and utilities. By default Ubuntu comes with Firefox, but it’s not the most used browser in the world, it still lags behind Chrome, even in terms of capabilities and functionality.
You can find Chromium in the Gnome application manager, which is now delivered by default with Ubuntu 16.04.
In addition, you may also need these applications:
Skype – the most popular service in the world of ip-telephony
Pidgin – the best messenger for Linux
Deluge is one of the best torrent clients
Mega – excellent cloud storage
CrashPlan – backup system
Telegram – a secure cross-platform messenger
Uget is one of the best download managers
Tor – provides anonymity on the Internet.
3. INSTALLING THE CLEMENTINE PLAYER
Clementine is one of today’s best music players for Linux with the widest range of features. It is comparable in functionality to applications such as VLC, Rthythmbox, Audacious, and so on. Setting up Ubuntu 16.04 after installation can not occur without the installation of a normal player.
One of the most characteristic features of this player is the ability to connect to online music streaming services without having to launch a browser or other third-party application. You can easily connect Spotify, last.fm, sky.fm, Google drive, Onedrive and other services. Also there is an equalizer.
You can install the program using the following command:
sudo apt-get install clementine
Other media applications that deserve your attention:
VLC – a universal media player with a very large list of media formats and a huge functionality
Audacity is a simple, minimalistic tool for editing audio, both for beginners and for professionals. It supports quite a lot of functions.
Kodi (XBMC) is an open-source home theater. Has extended support for media formats from mp3 to the most incredible. You can open music, video or photos.
Handbrake is another application for working with media files, namely, converting.
Spotify is the official Spotify client for Linux.
OpenShot is one of the best simple video editors for Linux. The interface of the program is very simple, and functions in most cases are quite enough.
Ubuntu-restricted-extras – codecs and various plug-ins, install, if you do not want problems with the playback of different formats.
Gimp is one of the best photo editing tools for Linux.
To install Spotify, type the following commands:
sudo apt-key adv –keyserver hkp: //keyserver.ubuntu.com: 80 –recv-keys BBEBDCB318AD50EC68650906
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install spotify-client
All other programs can be installed from official repositories.
4. INSTALLING SYNAPTIC AND APPGRID
It’s always nice to have spare options when it comes to installing software, especially if you’re a small fan of the new application center.
Synaptic also supports a graphical interface without any unnecessary – just the right functions. To install Synaptic, press Ctrl + Alt + T and run:
sudo apt-get install synaptic
It can also be installed from the application center. AppGrid can only be installed using the terminal by executing these commands:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa: appgrid / stable
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install appgrid
Now you have four ways to install applications in Ubuntu: via the terminal, in the application center, in Synaptic and AppGrid.
5. DISCONNECT ON-LINE SEARCH
Searching in the Dash menu still includes Internet search results from sites like Amazon, Wikipedia, etc. They can pose some threat to the security of your system.
Disabling this feature is easy. Open the Settings utility, go to Security and Privacy, and on the Search tab, disable Online Search Results:
6. INSTALL UBUNTU TWEAK TOOL TO SET UP THE SYSTEM
The Ubuntu interface is pretty beautiful by default, and the settings in the system are minimal. But, if you need a more fine-tuning Ubuntu 16.04, you can install additional utilities.
Unity Tweak Tool – an excellent tool that allows you to change Unity and fit it for yourself. You can install from the application center:
7. INSTALL GRAPHIC DRIVER
If you want to get the maximum performance from your video card, the initial setting of Ubuntu 16.04 will not do without installing the graphics driver. This will provide a more smooth rendering of the graphical interface, and will also allow you to play Steam games on Linux, edit video, etc.
Enter in the Dash search Programs and updates, run the utility, click the Additional Drivers tab and select the desired components, then click apply.
8. KEYBOARD SETUP
By default, only Russian and English layouts are available. If you need another one, click on the switch layout icon in the panel and select Text input options.
In this window you can add an additional language or change the key to switch the layout.
9. DISCONNECT REPORTS ON FAILURE
If you are not going to tell the developers about the system errors and failures, reports about them can be turned off. Better, of course, to send data, especially in the beta version – this will help developers to correct errors.
To disable pop-up error reports, start the terminal and run:
sudo sed -i “s / enabled = 1 / enabled = 0 / g” ‘/ etc / default / apport’
More bug reports will not be available.
10. LOWER THE LUNCHER DOWN
Unity has its views on some things, but you do not have to adhere to them. Since the release of the first version of the desktop shell, the launcher has been attached to the left side of the screen. Finally, the developers have added the ability to move it down. This is one of the most discussed features of Ubuntu.
Now it’s very easy to configure with the Unity Tweak Tool. See screenshot:
11. SNAP PACKAGES
Another important feature of Ubuntu 16.04 was the support for Snap packages. This is a new package installation system developed by Canonical specifically for embedded devices. The kernel of the system and the main system utilities of Ubuntu are now supplied as a snap package.
For more information on how to use them, see the article “Installing snap packages in Ubuntu.”
Everything, the initial setting of Ubuntu 16.04 is almost finished. However, you still have many actions to sharpen this system for you. If I missed an important moment or setting, write in the comments!